Noon Meem Rashid Biography
Nazar Muhammad Rashed (Urdu: نذر مُحَمَّد راشِد), (1 August 1910 – 9 October 1975) commonly known as Noon Meem Rashed (Urdu: ن۔ م۔ راشد) or N.M. Rashed, was a Pakistani poet of modern Urdu poetry.
Rashed was born as Raja Nazar Muhmmad Janjua into a Punjabi Muslim family of the Rajput-Janjua clan in the village of Kot Bhaaga, Akaal Garh (now Alipur Chatha), Wazirabad, Gujranwala District, Punjab, and earned a master's degree in economics from the Government College La*.
He served for a short time in the Royal Indian Army during the Second World War, attaining the rank of captain. Before independence of Pakistan in 1947, he worked with All India Radio in New Delhi and Lucknow starting in 1942. He was transferred to Peshawar in 1947 where he worked until 1953. Later he was hired by Voice of America and had to move to New York City for this job. Then, for a short while, he lived in Iran. Later on, he worked for the United Nations in New York.
Rashed served the UN and worked in many countries. He is considered to be the 'father of Modernism' in Urdu Literature. Along with Faiz Ahmed Faiz, he is one of the great progressive poets in Pakistani literature.
His readership is limited and recent social changes have further hurt his stature and there seems to be a concerted effort to not to promote his poetry. His first book of free verse, Mavra, was published in 1940 and established him as a pioneering figure in 'free form' Urdu poetry.
He retired to England in 1973 and died in a London hospital in 1975.
His poem "Zindagi sey dartey ho" was set to music in the 2010 Bollywood movie, Peepli Live. It was performed by the Indian music band, Indian Ocean, and received critical appreciation as "hard-hitting" and "a gem of a track" that "everyone is meant to sing, and mean, at some point in life".
- Mavraa (Beyond)-1940
- Iran Main Ajnabi (A stranger in Iran)
- La = Insaan (Nothingness = Man)- 1969
- Gumaan ka Mumkin (Speculations) was published after his death in 1976
- Maqalat (Essays)- Ed. Shima Majeed, 2002.
College hall named after him
At Government College La*., a hall is named after him as "Noon Meem Rashid Hall" at Postgraduate Block Ba*t.
External linksWikiquote has quotations related to Noon Meem Rashid.
- Selected Poetry of N.M. Rashid Translated in English
- Kuliyat e Noon Meem Rashid