Tom Fraser Biography

For the English footballer, see Tommy Fraser. For people with a similar name, see Thomas Fraser.

Thomas Fraser PC (18 February 1911 – 21 November 1988) was Scottish coal miner and trade unionist, who was a Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for the Hamilton cons*uency between 1943 and 1967.


  • 1 Life
  • 2 Family
  • 3 Notes
  • 4 External links


He was the son of Thomas and Mary Fraser of Kirkmuirhill, Lanarkshire.He was educated at Lesmahagow Higher Grade School until the age of 14 when he began work as miner, working underground until his entry to parliament.

Fraser served as a branch official for his union from 1938 until 1943 and from 1939 until 1943 was secretary of the Lanark divisional Labour Party. He entered parliament at the 1943 Hamilton by-election, defeating an independent candidate by over 8,000 votes and polling 81.1% of the votes cast. Following the Labour Party's victory in the 1945 general election he was appointed as Joint Under-Secretary of State for Scotland and held the post until his party lost power in 1951 general election.

In opposition Fraser served as Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland "for many years." Following Labour's victory in the 1964 general election he served as Minister of Transport from 16 October 1964 until 23 December 1965. In December 1965 he introduced the 70:mph (113:km/h) speed limit on motorways as an emergency measure following a series of multiple low speed crashes on motorways, mainly in fog. Throughout his tenure as Minister, he authorised the closure 1,071:mi of railway lines, following the recommendations from the Beeching Report. However, he went further and authorised the closure of lines, notably the Oxford to Cambridge Line, that even Beeching had not considered closing.

In May 1967 he resigned from Parliament to become chairman of the North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board. His resignation paved the way for a by-election which resulted in a historic victory for the Scottish National Party's candidate Winnie Ewing.

He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1964. He later served on the Wheatley Commission and was in part responsible for the resulting reforms in Scottish local government. He retired to Lesmahagow, where he had previously been employed as a miner, and died in Law Hospital in 1988 after a brief illness. When he died, one of his successors for the seat, George Robertson, noted there was still "immense respect" for him in Hamilton.


Fraser married in 1935 Janet Scanlon of Lesmahagow. They had a son and a daughter.


    External links

    • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Tom Fraser