Earl Monroe Biography

American basketball player

Vernon Earl Monroe (born November 21, 1944) is an American former professional basketball player. He played for two teams, the Baltimore Bullets and the New York Knicks, during his career in the National Basketball *ociation (NBA). Both teams have retired Monroe's number. Due to his on-court success and flashy style of play, Monroe was given the nicknames "Black Jesus" and "Earl the Pearl". Monroe was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1990.


  • 1 Early years
  • 2 College career
  • 3 NBA career
    • 3.1 Baltimore Bullets (1967–1971)
    • 3.2 New York Knicks (1971–1980)
  • 4 Personal life
  • 5 Honors
  • 6 NBA career statistics
    • 6.1 Regular season
    • 6.2 Playoffs
  • 7 References
  • 8 Bibliography
  • 9 External links

Early years

Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Monroe was a playground legend from an early age. His high school teammates at John Bartram High School called him "Thomas Edison" because of the many moves he invented.

Growing up in his South Philadelphia neighborhood, Monroe was initially interested in soccer and baseball more than basketball . By age 14, Monroe was 6'3" and his interest in basketball grew, playing center during most of his youth. Some of his "shake-and-bake" style moves originated while playing on the asphalt playgrounds. "I had to develop flukey-duke shots, what we call la-la, hesitating in the air as long as possible before shooting," Monroe said. As he was developing as a teenage player, other players would razz him. His mother gave Earl a blue notebook and told him to write down the names of those players. "As you get better than them," Monroe said his mother instructed, "I want you to scratch those names out."

After graduating from John Bartram High School, Monroe attended a college preparatory school affiliated with Temple University. He worked as a shipping clerk in a factory, while frequently playing basketball at Leon Whitley's recreation center in Philadelphia. Whitley had played at Winston-Salem Teacher College on their 1953 championship team and encouraged Monroe to attend Winston-Salem to play for coach Clarence "Big House" Gaines.

College career

Monroe as a senior at Winston-Salem State

Monroe rose to prominence at a national level at then-Division II Winston-Salem State University, located in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Under Hall of Fame Coach Gaines, Monroe averaged 7.1 points his freshman year and Monroe tells a story of when he wanted to return to Philadelphia as a freshman. Coach Gaines called Monroe's mother and after a stern talk, Monroe stayed in college.

Monroe then averaged 23.2 points as a sop*re, 29.8 points as a junior and 41.5 points his senior year (1,329 points in that 1966–1967 season). During that 1966–1967 season, Jerry McLeese, a sportswriter for the Winston-Salem Journal, called Monroe's points "Earl's pearls." Soon after, fans began to chant "Earl, the Super Pearl," and the nickname was born.

In 1967, Monroe earned NCAA College Division Player of the Year honors, leading the Rams to the 1967 NCAA College Division Championship with a 77–74 victory over SW Missouri State in the Final.

Overall, in his four years at Winston-Salem State University, Monroe averaged 26.7 points, with 2,395 total points in 110 games. He remains the leading scorer in CIAA basketball history.

After he finished his collegiate career, Monroe graduated from Winston-Salem and p*ed the national teaching exam. Monroe wasn't selected to the 1967 USA Basketball Team to represent the country at the 1967 Pan-American Games after trying out. The 40-person committee failed to select both Monroe and fellow future Hall of Fame player Elvin Hayes. Monroe has said that USA coaches said his style of play was "too street, too playground, too black." adding, "It has always left a very, very bad taste in my mouth."

NBA career

Baltimore Bullets (1967–1971)

In 1967, the two-time All-American was drafted No. two overall by the Baltimore Bullets (now the Washington Wizards) in the first round of the 1967 NBA draft, behind Jimmy Walker, who was selected by the Detroit Pistons. Monroe then won the NBA Rookie of the Year Award in a season in which he averaged 24.3 points per game. He scored 56 points in a game against the Los Angeles Lakers, the third-highest rookie total in NBA history. It was also a franchise record, later broken by Gilbert Arenas on December 17, 2006.

Monroe and teammate, future Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame inductee Wes Unseld, quickly became a formidable combination in Baltimore, and Monroe became a cult hero for his ability to run the fast break and for his circus-like shots. He said, "The thing is, I don't know what I'm going to do with the ball, and if I don't know, I'm quite sure the guy guarding me doesn't know either." On February 6, 1970, he set an NBA record with 13 points in one overtime in a double-overtime victory over the Detroit Pistons (another mark since surp*ed by Arenas).

In 1968–1969, Monroe averaged 25.8 points, 4.5 *ists and 3.9 rebounds, as the Bullets finished 57–25 under coach Gene Shue, capturing the Eastern Division *le. However, the Bullets were swept by the New York Knicks 4–0 in the playoffs after receiving a bye.

The Bullets finished 50–32 in 1969–1970, as Monroe averaged 23.4 points, 4.9 *ists and 3.1 rebounds, but somehow did not make the NBA All-Star team. Oscar Robertson, Walt "Clyde" Frazier, Tom Van Arsdale, Hal Greer, & Flynn Robinson were the guards selected. The Bullets were again beaten by the Knicks 4–3 in the playoffs.

In 1970–1971, the Bullets finished 42–40 under Coach Shue and captured the Central Division *le. Monroe averaged 21.4 points, 4.4 *ists and 2.6 rebounds. In the Eastern Conference playoffs, the Bullets defeated the Philadelphia 76ers 4–3, and then defeated the Knicks 4–3 in the Eastern Conference Finals to reach the 1971. NBA Finals. Monroe averaged 23.0 points, 4.0 *ists and 3.4 rebounds in the Philadelphia series. He then averaged 24.4 points, 4.3 *ists and 3.4 rebounds against the Knicks, including 26 points, 6 *ists and 5 rebounds in Game 7's 93–91 Bullets victory.

In the 1971 NBA Finals, the Bullets were matched against the Milwaukee Bucks with Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Oscar Robertson and Bobby Dandridge. The Bucks swept the Bullets 4–0. Monroe averaged 16.3 points, 4.0 *ists and 4.0 rebounds in the series.

"Put a basketball in his hands and he does wondrous things with it," Bullets Coach Gene Shue said of Monroe. "He has the greatest combination of basketball ability and showmanship."

In 328 games with the Bullets, Monroe averaged 23.7 points, 4.6 *ists and 3.7 rebounds.

New York Knicks (1971–1980)

After the 1970–1971 season, Monroe's agent Larry Fleisher informed the Bullets of Monroe's wishes to be traded to the Lakers, Chicago Bulls or his hometown Philadelphia 76ers. After four games into the 1971–1972 season, he traveled to Indianapolis to discuss a transfer to the American Basketball *ociation's Indiana Pacers. He had begun the campaign without having signed a contract due to a salary dispute with Bullets management. When his trade request turned into an ultimatum, he was suspended by the team on October 22. He eventually signed a contract immediately after being sent from the Bullets to the New York Knicks for Mike Riordan, Dave Stallworth and an undisclosed amount of cash twenty days later on November 11, 1971.

Upon his arrival with the Knicks, Monroe formed what was known as the "Rolls Royce Backcourt" with the equally flamboyant Walt Frazier. While there were initial questions as to whether Monroe and Frazier could coexist as teammates, the duo eventually meshed to become one of the most effective guard combinations of all time.

In 1971–1972, Monroe averaged 21.7 points in his three games with the Bullets before the trade and he struggled to adjust after the trade, averaging 11.4 points, 2.2 *ists and 1.5 rebounds in 60 Knick games. However, the Knicks defeated the Bullets 4–2 and the Boston Celtics 4–1 to reach the 1972 NBA Finals. Monroe averaged 15.8 points and 3.3 *ists in the Bullets series against his former teammates. In the Celtics series he averaged 13.6 points and 3.8 *ists.

In the 1972 NBA Finals, the Knicks were defeated by the Los Angeles Lakers with Jerry West and Wilt Chamberlain 4–1, losing four straight after winning Game 1. Monroe averaged 6.8 points and 2.6 *ists in the series.

In 1972–1973, Frazier and Monroe led the Knicks, under future Hall of Fame Coach Red Holtzman to the 1973 NBA Championship, along with future Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame teammates Bill Bradley, Jerry Lucas and Willis Reed, Dave DeBusschere and Phil Jackson.

After a 57–25 regular season, in which Monroe averaged 15.5 points, 3.8 *ists and 2.6 rebounds, Monroe had his role on the team defined. The Knicks then defeated the Bullets 4–1 and the Celtics 4–3 to reach the 1973 NBA Finals.

In the NBA Finals, the Knicks had a rematch against the Los Angeles Lakers. The Knicks won the Championship with a 4–1 series win and 16.0 points and 4.2 *ists from Monroe in the series. Bradley averaged 18.6, Frazier 16.6, Reed 16.4 and DeBusschere 15.6 to illustrate the Knicks' true team play.

In 1973–1974, the Knicks, after defeating the Bullets, were defeated by the eventual NBA Champion Celtics in the Eastern Conference Finals. Monroe averaged 14.0 points and 2.7 *ists with 3.0 rebounds in the regular season.

In the next four seasons, Monroe averaged 20.9 points, 20.7 points, 19.9 points and 17.8 points, before injures limited him in games and minutes during his final two seasons.

The Monroe-Frazier pairing is one of few backcourts ever to feature two Hall of Famers and NBA 50th Anniversary Team members. A four-time NBA All-Star, Monroe retired after the 1980 season due to serious knee injuries, which had plagued him throughout his career. In nine seasons and 592 games with the Knicks, Monroe averaged 16.2 points, 3.5 *ists and 2.6 rebounds.

Overall, Monroe played in 926 NBA career games, scoring 17,454 total points with 3,594 *ists on 46% shooting. He averaged 18.8 points, 3.9 *ists and 3.0 rebounds in his career. Monroe scored over 1,000 points in nine of his thirteen professional seasons (1968–71, 1973, 1975–78) including a career-high 2,065 (25.8 points per game) in the 1968–69 season.

Of his unique, flowing, fluid, silky-smooth on-court style of play, Monroe has said: "You know, I watch the games and even now I never see anyone who reminds me of me, the way I played." "The ultimate playground player," is how Bill Bradley once described Monroe.

"If for any reason someone were to remember me," Monroe said, "I hope they will remember me as a person who could play the game and excite the fans and excite himself."

Personal life

  • Monroe has one son, Rodney, and a daughter, Maya. Rodney Monroe played for the Atlanta Hawks after a stellar career at North Carolina State and Maya has coached in high school and college.
  • Monroe was named commissioner of the United States Basketball League in 1985.
  • In 2012 Earl Monroe launched a new candy company: NBA Candy Store
  • In recent years, he has been serving as a commentator for Madison Square Garden and as commissioner of the New Jersey Urban Development Corporation.
  • Monroe has also been active in various community affairs and programs, including the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Health, the Crown Heights Youth Collective, the Literary *istance Fund and the Harlem Junior Tennis Program. He has received many honors for these "off-the-court" community activities, including the Harlem Professionals Inspirational Award, Most Outstanding Model for American Youth, the YMCA Citizenship Award and Big Apple Sportsman of the Year Award.
  • Monroe served as a spokesman for the American Heart *ociation, along with his former Knicks teammate Walt "Clyde" Frazier.
  • In October 2005, Monroe opened a restaurant in New York City, named "Earl Monroe's Restaurant & Pearl Club". However, Monroe has since revoked the licensing rights to his name and the restaurant is now called The River Room.
  • Monroe, his brother and his sister all have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
  • Monroe is a spokesman for Merck's Journey for Control website, where he serves as a promoter of diabetes-friendly eating and "Diabetes Restaurant Month!"
  • Monroe now owns and operates his own record label, Reverse Spin Records, in New York, doing pop, dance, hip-hop and R&B music, currently with pop/dance artist Ciara Corr.
  • In the Spike Lee film He Got Game, Jake Shuttlesworth (Denzel Washington) explains to his son, Jesus Shuttlesworth (Ray Allen), that his name was inspired by Monroe's nickname: "Jesus".
  • Monroe is also a member of Groove Phi Groove
  • From 1980 to 1981, Monroe had an endor*t deal with Jordache for a signature line of basketball sneakers that bore his nickname "Pearl" near the heel.


  • In 1977, Monroe was inducted into the CIAA (Central Intercollegiate Athletic *ociation) Hall of Fame.
  • Monroe's number 15 jersey was retired by the New York Knicks on March 1, 1986.
  • In 1990, he was enshrined in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.
  • Monroe was named one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996.
  • In 2006, Monroe was inducted into the College Basketball Hall of Fame.
  • On December 1, 2007 the Washington Wizards retired Monroe's number 10 jersey.
  • In 2005, an American Basketball *ociation team, the Baltimore Pearls, was named in honor of Earl Monroe.
  • Monroe's number 10 jersey was retired by Winston-Salem in 2017.
  • In 2021, Monroe was elected to the NBA 75th Anniversary Team.

NBA career statistics

Regular season




    Monroe, Earl; Troupe, Quincy (2013). Earl The Pearl: My Story.

    External links

    • NBA Candy Store - New Candy Company started by Earl Monroe in 2013
    • Official Website of Earl "The Pearl" Monroe
    • Basketball Hall of Fame profile
    • Rare Earl Monroe Film Clips on YouTube
    • Reverse Spin Records, "About Earl 'the Pearl' Monroe"
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